1) Woodblock Printing: The reason that I chose this as one of the important things in printing history is obviously because it was the first printing method. This method was first used in China for clothing designs and with the help of Wikipedia, I found out that Ukiyo-e was the first woodblock printing in Japan which became very useful in their daily lives. (200)
Movable Type: This is probably the second important invention after Woodblock printing. This method was created in China during the Song Dynasty and the first metal movable type was made in Korea. Compared to woodblock printing, this method was easier and quicker to use, which later on got widely popular.(1040)
Printing Press: This machine was first used by Gutenberg (the father of print). He used this machine in order to write bibles and adding some pictures to them. But… this method wasn’t first made by Gutenberg himself, but by some Roman Empire scientists. (1454)
Laser Printing: The laser printer was invented at Xerox in 1969 by researcher Gary Starkweather. The reason that I find this invention very important because it’s closer to my generation and I understand it better. (1969)
3D Printing: My favorite of all is 3D printing, because this method is widely popular now and we can see it almost everywhere. By using this method, you can make your art come to life. (2003)
2) Font: A set of type with one particular look and size.
Font Families: Fonts of specific weight and styles. ex: Regular, Italic, Bold
Serif: They have some small decorative flourishes at the end of the strokes, which give the font a more traditional look.
Sans-Serif: Vice versa of Serif font.
Decorative and Display fonts: as it mentions in the name, it’s a kind of font which are mostly used for posters in order to give it a more vibrant and interesting look. They’re not only used in posters though, but anything that needs more attention to it.
3) 1980, when WWW (World Wide Web) was released. This gave a lot of people an opportunity to use the new technology and be aware of the new communication system.
4) RGB: Red, Green, and Blue. They are known as the “primary colors” which I disagree with, because primary colors are red, blue and yellow. But these three colors can be either be mixed with one another + B/W in order to make secondary colors. (screen colors)
CMYK: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black (which I realized it’s another name of black, Key). These colors give a brighter look to the work and are used for printing.
Complementary Colors: They are colors that complement each other. What I mean is that they are located on the opposite sides on the color wheel. like Blue and Orange(my favorite combination), and black and white.
4-color printing: is a process when the images are separated into 4 color values.
Spot Color Printing: Usually used for texts and they use this when they want to print something with a specific color a on a white paper.
5) E-portfolio: Used by an artist in order to restore their work on the internet. It’s the more advanced version of portfolio.
6) Paper Characteristics: Brightness of it, thickness, smoothness, weight, and opacity.
Grain Direction: We have two kinds of Grains: Short and long. Short is when the grain lies on the on the short side of the paper, and long is vice versa. The grain should be parallel with the edge of our binding. (the coffee example that we saw in the class)
Making of Paper: The fibers that are used in water are all drained throughout a process. then they are placed on a mat and after a short period of time, they are cooked and placed to be dry. Then they have to be pressed through any kind of pressing machine, and after that they use a machine that goes over the paper and gives it the smooth feeling that the paper needs.
7) Saddle stitching: with the usage of staples, you could insert them on the center of the paper and have your own connected book.
Side wire stitching: same thing as saddle stitching, the only difference is that they stitch the book with strings (it’s rarely used these days)
Mechanical Binding: it has spiral wires, Wire-O, plastic combs, rings, looseleaf hardware. (binder)
Perfect Binding: pages are pressed on the hot glue that is placed inside of the cover. It’s commonly used these days.
8) Halftones for printing: mostly used in xerography. It’s a process of getting a picture by usingof dots in different shapes, sizes, and spacing.
Halftone Dot: The smallest unit that a screen consists of. All tones in print, both photographs and illustrations, are based on halftone dots.
9) Image Assembly: An act where parts of two or more images are composited together to create a new hybrid image.
Layout: arranging texts and pictures positions on a page.
Scanning: process of transferring a print or a picture into our computer with the usage of scanners.
File Formats: how the information is encoded to be saved in our computers.
Programs used to create print layouts: InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop
10) Books, Periodicals, Catalogs, Direct mail, Directories, Financial and legal, Packaging, Technical documents, Promotion (advertising), Corporate products, Miscellaneous products.
Bonus: it was important because it was the first example of actual printing and it was in color. before that, people had to read everything in black, but after Gutenberg’s important discovery, all texts became vibrant. Also the font as we say, is very interesting to just look at!